On March 6, 1836, the fortified compound Misión San Antonio de Valero — better known as the Alamo — fell after a 13-day siege. In the 90-minute final battle, Mexican Presidente y Generalisimo Antonio López de Santa Anna lost 400-600 of the approximately 2,000 soldados under his command. One hundred eight-five Texian defenders died during the battle or were put to the sword afterward.
The accounts of Santa Anna’s ruthlessness at the Alamo spurred the passion of Texians and allies from the United States. Under the battle cry “Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!” the ragtag Texian army defeated Santa Anna and his troops at the Battle of San Jacinto six weeks later.
Image: 1854 drawing of the Alamo as it looked then, artist unknown